National Geographic Traveler picks Kurdistan Iraq as one of the top 20 trips of 2011

National Geographic Traveler picks Kurdistan Iraq as one of the top 20 trips of 2011

National Geographic Traveler picks Kurdistan Iraq as one of the top 20 trips of 2011.

National Geographic Traveler picks Kurdistan Iraq as one of the top 20 trips of 2011.

considered an oasis of peace and stability in a historically volatile region, the semi-autonomous Kurdistan region in northeastern Iraq is drawing a growing stream of curious Western visitors to its ancient cities, snowcapped mountains, and bustling bazaars. The 2010 expansion of Erbil International Airport—located in the provincial capital and main commercial center—has improved access to the region and helped fuel tourist infrastructure development. Recent advances include construction of several new luxury and business hotels and additional escorted small group tours focused on Kurdish ethnic heritage and historic sites.

Experienced guides such as Hinterland Travel and Kurdistan Adventures lead 8- to 16-day cultural tours. Highlights include Erbil’s historic citadel and Grand Mosque, the ruins of Salahaddin’s Fortress in Shaqlawa, and the Jarmo Neolithic village archaeological site (7,000 B.C.) located in the foothills of the Zagros Mountains. Some itineraries include excursions into Kurdish ethnic regions in eastern Turkey and northwestern Iraq.

kurdistan

Four young Kurds under 18 were executed at the hands of the Baath Party in Saddam Hussein’s rule in 1986

Four young Kurds under 18 were executed at the hands of the Baath Party in Saddam Hussein’s rule in 1986 in Arbil, were taken from their families the cost of bullets, and destruction of their homes, including the furniture, in front of the eyes of the people there party officials.

Kurdish Exodess (Koraw-کۆڕەو) in 1991

The mass exodess of kurdish refugees (nearly 3 millions) to the borders of Turkey and Iran after the failed uprising in 1991 against the dictatorship rule of Iraq, followed by the rutheless forces of the regime. Never forget the genocide and the brutality of 4 countries against Kurds. Turkey, Iran, Iraq and Syria,

Kurdish Exodess in 1991

The mass exodess of kurdish refugees (nearly 3 millions) to the borders of Turkey and Iran after the failed uprising in 1991 against the dictatorship rule of Iraq, followed by the rutheless forces of the regim

The use of the word Anfal

al-Anfal from the Quran

The word “Anfal” is taken from the eighth chapter (Sura) of the Quran; “al-Anfal” which contains 75 verses (Aia). Some of the 75 verses are about war and its spoils.

The use of the word Anfal

The use of the word Anfal

The Sura calls upon the prophet Muhammad and his followers to fight against the non-believers, until the final triumph is reached. The final victory was to either eliminate the enemy or forcing them to accept the Muslim faith and rituals, and thereby making them, give up their own faith and religious rituals.

Anfal is known as the liberation battle against the non-believers and justifies the Islamization of the non-Muslims and was first used in the year of 624, during the battle against the non-Muslim Arabs.

Saddam’s use of the Quran

Even though the name of the campaign against the Kurds is taken from the Quran, Muslims say that Saddam’s version of this chapter differentiate from the Qurans version.

The Iraqi police adopted the name Anfal in their genocidal campaign against the Kurds in the Northern Iraq, using the verse to justify their battle from an Islamic view, claiming it to be a battle against the non-believers even though a large number of the Kurds are Muslims.
This was a way to gain the support of the Iraqis, and by claiming to fight a so called “Muslim war” he would also gain the support of other Muslim countries in the Middle East.

The old Anfal from the seventh century demanded victory over non-believers and encouraged the destruction of their faiths and religious culture. It also encouraged the looting and possession of the enemy’s articles, items and other material goods.
The Baath regime conducted a similar attack against the Kurds in the areas referred to as the “forbidden areas”. They looted the villages for any items and other material goods. They killed or prowled house animals, destroyed and burned the villages to the ground.
The habitants of these villages were sent to complexes, jails or straight to death. This death could be in terms of starvations or mass graves.

Saddam and his military had prior to the “al-Anfal campaign” against the Kurds used Islamic names for their wars. This had been seen previously, in a battle against Iran “The battle of saad bn al-Waqass” and again during the eight year war against Iran from 1980 – 1988, “al-Qadissiat al-saddam”.
Qadiddia is the name of a battle against the non Muslims during the early islamization in the seventh century.

By http://www.kurd-anfal.com
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The bodies were recovered from a mass grave in the deserts of the Mahari area of Diwania

The remains of 730 Kurdish people shot through the head or buried alive as part of the former regime’s Anfal genocide campaign were returned to their homeland ,The bodies were recovered from a mass grave in the deserts of the Mahari area of Diwania Province in southern Iraq where they were discovered last year. They were identified as Kurdish victims of the Anfal campaign that were massacred by the former regime in 1988.

730 Anfal victims returned and laid to rest in Suleimaniah

730 Anfal victims returned and laid to rest in Suleimaniah

730 Anfal victims returned and laid to rest in Suleimaniah

730 Anfal victims returned and laid to rest in Suleimaniah

Suleimaniah, Kurdistan Region – Iraq (KRG.org) – The remains of 730 Kurdish people shot through the head or buried alive as part of the former regime’s Anfal genocide campaign were returned to their homeland on Monday for a ceremony in Suleimaniah and reburial the following day.

The bodies were recovered from a mass grave in the deserts of the Mahari area of Diwania Province in southern Iraq where they were discovered last year. They were identified as Kurdish victims of the Anfal campaign that were massacred by the former regime in 1988.

In the ceremony to commemorate their return to the Region, KRG Prime Minister Nechirvan Barzani said, “The graves of these martyrs which stand in front of us are the symbol of all our martyrs.” Adding, “What we have achieved until today is a result of the blood of these martyrs, who sacrificed their lives for the sake of Kurdistan and the Kurdish people, and we therefore promise to defend all these achievements until our last breath.”

“Those who have been executed for committing these crimes are the exception,” the Prime Minister said. “Fundamental changes are still needed since there are still people trying to protect the former regime’s ideology, and it is possible that the same thing could happen to us again. Today, some political parties in Iraq are following the same path as the former regime,” he said, concluding that it is for this reason that the KRG is trying to create a strong adherence to the rule of law and the constitution in order to not allow another dictator to rule in Iraq again.

More than 4,500 villages were destroyed during the Anfal campaigns and over 180,000 people were murdered or disappeared. The campaign has been recognized as genocide by the Iraqi Council of Representatives and the Iraqi Tribunal Court as well as a number of international organizations.

Most of the victims were found to be from Chamchamal, Kadar-Karam and Garmeyan province, so they were all reburied in Chamchamal on Tuesday near a monument that was built in remembrance of the genocide. Kurdistan President Masoud Barzani participated in the burial service on Tuesday.

The ceremonies were organised by the KRG Ministry of Martyrs and Anfal Affairs, and the event in Suleimaniah was also attended by Vice President Kosrat Rasul Ali, Speaker of Kurdistan Parliament Dr Arsalan Bayiz, Minister of Martyrs and Anfal Affairs Sabah Ahmed Mohamed, as well as some members of the Iraqi and Kurdistan Parliaments, the Mayor of Sulaymaniyah, the British Consul General to Kurdistan Region and a number of other officials.

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بریندارانی چه‌كی كیمیایی موچه‌ وه‌رده‌گرن

وه‌زیری كاروباری شه‌هیدان و ئه‌نفالكراوه‌كانی حكومه‌تی هه‌رێمی كوردستان بڕینه‌وه‌ی 400 هه‌زار دیناری وه‌ك موچه‌ بۆ بریندارانی چه‌كی كیمیایی راگه‌یاند. له‌ كۆنگره‌یه‌كی رۆژنامه‌نووسیدا ئارام ئه‌حمه‌د وه‌زیری كاروباری شه‌هیدان و ئه‌نفالكراوه‌كانی حكومه‌تی هه‌رێمی كوردستان رایگه‌یاند: به‌ مه‌به‌ستی دابینكردنی موچه‌یه‌ك بۆ برینداران و … Continue reading